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Bauhaus : Definition, Style, Artists, Architecture, Art, & Facts

Welcome to the world of Bauhaus! Whether you’re an art enthusiast or simply curious about modern design, Bauhaus is a term that you’ve probably heard before. But what exactly is it? In this blog post, we’ll dive into the definition and history of Bauhaus, explore its unique style and architecture, highlight famous artists who were part of the movement, and uncover some interesting facts along the way. Get ready to be inspired by one of the most influential design movements in history!

The Different Types of Bauhaus

Bauhaus can be divided into three distinct periods: the Weimar period (1919-1925), the Dessau period (1925-1932), and the Berlin period (1932-1933). Each of these periods was characterized by different goals, teachers, students, and artistic output.

During the Weimar period, Bauhaus focused on traditional craftsmanship and experimentation with materials such as glass, metalwork, weaving, ceramics and typography. This phase saw artists like Wassily Kandinsky creating abstract paintings that would shape a new art form.

The Dessau era shifted its focus to more functional designs for everyday life. The school moved into a modernist building designed by Walter Gropius himself which became an icon of Bauhaus architecture.

In the final years in Berlin until it closed in 1933 due to Nazi pressure; Bauhaus embraced industrial design while striving for political relevance at a time when Hitler was rising to power.

Each phase of Bauhaus is unique but shapes a defining aspect of what made this movement so innovative during its time.

Pros and Cons of Bauhaus

Bauhaus is a popular art movement that revolutionized the art and design world. However, just like any other style or movement, it has its fair share of pros and cons.

One of the biggest advantages of Bauhaus is its focus on functionality. This means that every piece created under this style must serve a purpose and be practical in everyday life. This approach promotes efficiency and simplicity, making it easier for people to appreciate and use these works.

Another advantage of Bauhaus is its emphasis on mass production. By creating designs that could be easily replicated by machines, artists were able to produce more pieces faster while keeping costs low. This made modernist design accessible to more people than ever before.

However, one potential downside of Bauhaus is its lack of ornamentation. While some may love the minimalist aesthetic, others may find it too simplistic or dull. Additionally, some critics argue that this style ignores human emotion in favor of rationality.

Despite these criticisms, there’s no denying the impact Bauhaus has had on art and design over the years – from architecture to furniture to graphic design – inspiring countless artists around the world with its innovative approach!

What is the Bauhaus Style?

The Bauhaus style is a design movement that originated in Germany in the early 20th century. It’s characterized by its minimalistic approach to architecture and art, emphasizing functionality and simplicity over decoration. The name “Bauhaus” comes from the German words for “building house,” reflecting the school’s original focus on training artists and craftsmen for industrial production.

At its core, the Bauhaus style is about creating designs that are both aesthetically pleasing and practical. This means using simple shapes, clean lines, and neutral colors to create objects that serve a specific function while also looking beautiful.

One of the key principles of Bauhaus design is abstraction – reducing forms down to their most basic elements in order to better understand their underlying structures. This has led to some truly iconic designs like Marcel Breuer’s Wassily Chair, which features a simple tubular steel frame supporting leather straps.

The Bauhaus style has had an enormous impact on modern design across all fields – from architecture to graphic design, product design to fashion. Its legacy continues today as designers continue to explore new ways of blending form with function in innovative ways.

Who are some famous Bauhaus artists?

The Bauhaus movement produced some of the most influential artists and designers in history. One of them is Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian painter who taught at the school from 1922 until its closure in 1933. He was known for his use of vibrant colors and shapes that communicated emotions and ideas.

Another notable artist is Paul Klee, a Swiss-German painter who also taught at the Bauhaus from 1921 to 1931. His work often featured whimsical images with childlike simplicity, but with profound meaning behind them.

László Moholy-Nagy was a Hungarian artist who worked across various mediums such as photography, film-making, sculpture and painting. He had an innovative approach to art which he brought into the Bauhaus curriculum when he joined its faculty in 1923.

We have Marcel Breuer – a German architect and furniture designer whose designs are still popular today. The iconic Wassily Chair designed by Breuer during his time at Bauhaus continues to be one of the most recognizable pieces of modernist furniture.

These artists helped shape not only the aesthetics of design but also paved new ways for creativity within various fields like architecture or graphic design – influencing generations after them.

What are some famous Bauhaus buildings?

Bauhaus architecture is renowned for its functionality, simplicity, and minimalism. It’s characterized by the use of modern materials such as steel, concrete and glass in buildings. Here are some of the most famous Bauhaus buildings:

The Fagus Factory: Designed by Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer in 1911-13, The Fagus Factory was one of the first examples of modern industrial architecture.

The Bauhaus Building: Built-in 1925-26 in Dessau, Germany, this building served as a school for art and design until it closed down under Nazi pressure.

La Pedrera: Located in Barcelona Spain, La Pedrera is a residential apartment complex designed by Antoni Gaudi that features undulating forms reminiscent of waves.

Tugendhat House: Designed by Mies van der Rohe between 1928-30 for Fritz Tugendhat’s family home located in Brno Czech Republic. It features an open floor plan with large windows allowing natural light to flood the space.

These iconic structures continue to inspire architects around the world today.


Bauhaus is a movement in art, architecture and design that has left an indelible mark on the world of creative expression. The style’s focus on minimalism, simplicity and functionality has influenced countless designers since its inception in 1919.

While some may criticize Bauhaus for being too austere or cold, others praise it for its efficiency and practicality. Regardless of one’s personal opinion, there is no denying the impact that Bauhaus has had on modern design.

From buildings to furniture to graphic design, Bauhaus principles are still prevalent today. Its influence can be seen everywhere from Apple products to Ikea furniture.

Bauhaus remains a vital force in the world of art and design nearly 100 years after its creation. As we continue to advance technologically and become more focused on sustainability and function over form alone, it seems likely that this style will only grow more relevant with time.